Category Archives — Water

The Past and Future of California’s Water

The 20th century dawned with both excitement and concern for the water future of California and the rapidly growing but arid American West. Gold fever was receding, urban populations were burgeoning, and tentative efforts at modern, irrigated agriculture were expanding. The articles in this Scientific American collection reveal beliefs common at the time: Any water flowing unused to the sea was wasted. Growth of the West could happen only through expansion of irrigated agriculture and a blossoming of the desert. And there was no water problem that American engineering could not solve. Continue reading

Agriculture vs Urban Water in China

In an increasingly volatile world, China’s economic growth has proved remarkably resilient. While the economies of Europe and America have stalled or nose-dived since the 2008 financial crash, China’s has continued to expand. The headlines are startling: since the early 1990s, GDP growth per capita has averaged 8.9%, and nearly 600 million people have been lifted out of poverty. Perhaps less well known is the fact that China’s growth was kick-started by investment in agriculture. This, in turn, catalysed growth in the wider rural economy and, as China’s rural inhabitants got richer, so they moved to growing towns and cities, building – literally – the skylines of Beijing, Shanghai and other megacities. Continue reading

African Development Bank Approves WASH Investments in Nigeria and Ethiopia

The board of directors of the African Development Bank Group approved a $256 million for the financing of WASH investments in Nigeria & Ethiopia. The approvals comprise a US $150-million senior loan to Lekki Port LFTZ Enterprise for the construction of a Greenfield seaport in the Lagos Free Trade Zone, 60 kilometres east of Lagos. The project follows a 45-year concession granted to Lekki Port LFTZ Enterprise (LPLE), the Special Purpose Vehicle, by the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) under a build, own, operate and transfer scheme. Continue reading

Water for All in Lagos, Nigeria by 2020


LAGOS State Governor, Babatunde Fashola, said his administration was likely to meet the residents’ water needs by the year 2020. He said this after inspected the ongoing 70 million-gallons-per-day Adiyan Waterworks project in Oke-Aro. “The plan is that, hopefully, by 2020 we should be able to meet the water needs of Lagosians,” he said. Continue reading

Worldwide Water Shortage by the Year 2040


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Water is used around the world for the production of electricity, but new research results show that there will be worldwide water shortage to meet demand by 2040 if the energy and power situation does not improve before then. Two new reports that focus on the global electricity water nexus have just been published. Three years of research show that by the year 2040 there will be worldwide water shortage to quench the thirst of the world population and keep the current energy and power solutions going if we continue doing what we are doing today. It is a clash of competing necessities, between drinking water and energy demand. Behind the research is a group of researchers from Aarhus University in Denmark, Vermont Law School and CNA Corporation in the US. Continue reading

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